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Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben. In der Presse und auch in der Literatur werden die Triaden bisweilen zumeist als Umschreibung auch als „Chinesische Mafia“ bezeichnet. Sie haben ihre Sitze. Nach einem Jahrhundert im Untergrund ging der Aufstieg der Triaden von kriminellen Widerstandszellen zur weltweit agierenden "chinesischen Mafia" recht. Die Bluttat in dem China Restaurant in Sittensen löste sofort Spekulationen über einen Triaden-Hintergrund aus. Anders als die italienische Mafia sind sie. Als Symbol der Triaden gilt der Drache, der in China Stärke und Weisheit versinnbildlicht. Anders als bei der italienischen Mafia steht der.
In der Presse und auch in der Literatur werden die Triaden bisweilen zumeist als Umschreibung auch als „Chinesische Mafia“ bezeichnet. Sie haben ihre Sitze. In China gibt es nach Schätzungen etwa 5 „Triaden-Brüderschaften“. In Europa soll die chinesische Mafia, die wesentlich brutaler als die. Die chinesische Mafia breitet sich ausgehende von Hongkong und Macao im Süden des Mutterlandes aus. In Macao, das im Dezember in die chinesische. Chao pho. Hospice: A Beste Spielothek in MГ¶nchrГ¶den finden of love for the dying. There are various reasons: some will be unable to severe family ties, some will lack the financial support required to resettle. Yang Shukuan, Spielanleitung Monopoly gun-toting Chinese officials and crime gang Krimidinner Tirol who Backgammon Jetzt two Ferraris and liked to drive around in an armored personnel carrier, was given life in jail for illegal weapons Dschungelcamp 2020 Teilnehmer and fraud in Kartenspiele FГјr 2 Personen Mit Skatkarten northern city of Tangshan China Mafia Fighting Organized Crime Chinese gangs in Japan According to official figures Paysafecard Per Telefonrechnung last month by an agency working under the Communist Party's Central Committee, police have eliminated 1, gangs since and arrested more than 87, suspects. He was sentenced to death, deprived of political rights for life, and had all his personal property confiscated.
The triads as business. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on January 9, Retrieved Retrieved July 7, Archived from the original on The Standard.
Archived from the original on January 24, Taipei Times. Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved February 18, December 6, National Institute of Justice.
Washington, D. Retrieved April 24, Archived from the original on July 19, Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved 19 February SF Weekly.
Organized crime groups in Asia. Mumbai underworld Dacoity. Israeli mafia. Lebanese mafia. Pakistani mafia. The mystique that surrounds the Triads is arguably intriguing than that of the Italian Mafia.
New Triad members are initiated with elaborate rituals that can last six days and involves a highly symbolic ceremony.
New candidates often begin the ritual barefoot, and wearing special clothes and perform things like salutations, special handshakes, ritual dances and Taoist and Buddhist prayers.
The Hung clan welcomes new members with thirty-six year-old initiation oaths. One of them goes, "I shall not disclose the secrets of the Hung Family, not even to my parents, brothers or wife.
I shall never disclose the secrets for money. I shall die by a swarm of swords if I do so. One Triad ritual ends when the new recruit pledges his allegiance by shedding a few drops of blood into a cup of wine.
In recent years they have been moving more into credit card fraud, minibus concessions, call-girl rings, and computer software and CD pirating.
Sometimes Triad members are involved in extorting money from rich businessmen and contract murders. Most members are small time crooks who sell drugs and pornography on streets or involved in protection rackets or theft rings.
Between and , more than , reported Triad members have been arrested for a variety of crimes. Petty criminal offenses committed by the Triads were on the rise in the mainland and in Hong Kong in the late s.
Officials blame high unemployment rates and a lack of job opportunities for the rise in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Triads have forged a large number of credit cards using information stolen from cardholders in Canada, the United States and Europe by installing recorders on credit card terminals at stores and restaurants.
In some cases store clerks were bribed to get the information. Turf battles over gambling and prostitution between different Triads are fairly common.
The signature Triad instrument of torture, punishment and execution is the kitchen meat cleaver.
The bodies of Triad victims are sometimes horribly mutilated. Severed limbs are sometimes used as a warning. Court record give accounts of numerous victims of chop attacks.
In one highly publicized case involving alleged Triad violence, gangsters in business suits entered the office of Leung Tin Wai, the publisher of a feisty magazine called the Surprise Weekly, saying they wanted to talk about doing some printing work.
Moments later Leung's arm and his thumbs were chopped off with a meat cleaver. No one is sure who ordered the attack but it came on the eve of a lengthy article about organized crime printed by the magazine..
Newspaper editor Jimmy Lai, who had a firebomb tossed in his yard by Triad members, told the New York Times: "I think they're very powerfulno doubt.
But if they threaten me, they won't kill me. If they want to kill me, they won't threaten me. In May , there was a gangland-style execution in which three people were riddled with bullets while they sat in a car in the middle of the day in downtown Macau.
A total of 14 people were killed in Macau in the first half of , compared to 21 in Only one of the cases was solved. Police believe that the majority of the murders were related to the Triad war and that after the slaying the murderers slipped across the border into the neighboring mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai.
Many of the slayings were execution-style hits reminiscent of gangland killing in Chicago in the s. In January, , 15 people were killed in fire believed to be have been started by members of Sun Yee On, Hong Kong's largest Triad, who in a turf battle with Who Sing Who, the second largest.
The turf warfare in Macau is believed to have been the result of declining revenues and battles over a pieces of the action in the gambling industry.
Seventeen men and one woman were arrested in connection with the attack. Many leaders in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan are believed to have met with representatives of the Triads and received some help from them.
Referring to the Triads, Deng Xiaoping once said, "there are many good guys among them. Triad leaders met with Communist officials before the singing of the Hong Kong handover agreement.
In return for assisting the Communist in a smooth transition, the Triad leaders were told that Communism would turn a blind eye to its illegal activities.
Beijing especially wanted the support of the powerful Sun Yee On gang traditionally had ties with the nationalist in Taiwan.
The Triads also played a crucial rile in Operation Yellowbird, a network that help smuggle pro-democracy dissidents out of China after Tiananmen Square in No is sure whether the Triads were involved in the operation simply for the money or out of concern for the pro-democracy movement.
Short and known as a flashy dresser, he strutted in dark striped suits, cream-colored shoes and a diamond ring. He liked to spend all night in casinos and often didn't get out of bed until late in afternoon..
He turned 43 in , when he was at the peak of his power, and spent several thousand dollars to get his teeth capped.
He made most of his money in the late s by controlling the VIP suites for high-rollers at Macau's casinos like the one at the Hotel Lisboa.
In he was barred from Macau's casinos for "breaking every rule you can think of," including throwing chairs and ashtrays when he lost bets.
An estimated 10, gangsters regarded Broken Tooth as their boss and referred to him as "Big Brother. Wan was arrested in May , hours after a homemade bomb destroyed a car belonging to the Macau's police chief.
He was reportedly arrested while watching a U. He was later given a 15 year prison sentence. Several of his top lieutenants were also jailed.
Broken Tooth continued to run the 14K Triad from prison through cell phone and giving orders through his brother who was also imprisoned.
He also reportedly had frequent lady visitors to his cell. One guard who tried to bring a little discipline to the prison was gunned down outside a coffee shop on his day off.
Yip Kai-foon, a professionally-trained gunman, was another well-known Hong Kong gangster. He lead a small gang notorious for robbing jewelry stores and kidnaping rich businessmen, sometimes exacting huge ransoms.
He ran a crime network in Hong Kong and Gunagdong Province. Yip was captured in but he escaped from prison four years later after pretending that he had a stomach ailment.
In , he pulled off one of Hong Kong's most spectacular crimes. After robbing a jewelry store, he held off police by firing an AK over their heads on busy Nathan Road.
In and , Yip's gang kidnapped the sons of two of Hong Kong's richest and most powerful businessmen and demanded multimillion dollar ransoms.
In , Yip was shot three times by a rookie policeman and paralyzed. Two years later he was sentenced to 40 years in prison in a sensational trial.
Now he is in wheelchair in a cell in maximum-security Stanley Prison. Zhang Jun lead a gang that killed more than 30 people and committed 17 robberies in five provinces between and A big fan of Hong Kong gangster films, he reportedly copied many classic cinematic Triad moves such as forcing lieutenants and mistress to show their loyalty by killing people at his whim.
He earned his nickname with his purchases of dozens of dozens of top-of-the-line sport cars, including a shocking yellow Lamborghini. Cheung was arrested for the armored car robbery and sentenced to 18 years but he got out after three years on a technicality.
While in jail he made friends with loan sharks who reportedly chained people inside their houses and burned them if they didn't pay their debts.
Cheung held such a grudge against the police for his experience in jail, he rammed a bulldozer into a prison guardhouse and firebombed the house of Hong Kong's Secretary of Security.
Cheung was the son of a poor laborer. Before he became a big time gangster he ran some gambling dens in Hong Kong and made a living as a professional gambler.
After hitting the big time he traveled the world playing games of chance. He thinks I'm a genius, and I think he's a genius.
That way, I don't have to kill him or do anything to him, because I wasn't really the loser. Cheung's gang once smuggled 1, pounds of explosives from Guangdong into the Hong Kong.
He worked with Yip on several crimes and developed a plan to kidnap high-profile Hong Kong politician Anson Chan. In a crime that went wrong, his gang accidently killed a businessman kidnapped in Shenzhen by tying tape so tightly around his mouth he suffocated to death during a two hour ride from Shenzhen to Guangzhou.
Although Kwok refuses to discuss the matter and claims it never happened, Newsweek reported that his car was forced off the road by kidnappers and he was taken away.
A similar scenario happened to Li. He was taken away after his purple limousine was forced off the road and reportedly kept in a refrigerator with air holes drilled in it.
Some of Big Spenders gambling loses were regarded as methods to launder his money. Cheung was arrested in mainland China. Usually, when a criminal who is wanted on charges in Hong Kong is caught in the mainland, Hong Kong police want him back.
But that was not the case with Big Spender. Worried that he might get off again in Hong Kong and well aware of the harsh punishments that awaited him in China, Hong Kong refused to try to get him back.
In December , Cheung and several members of his gang were found guilty of smuggling explosives and kidnapping, sentenced to death and executed within hours.
It was the first time that a Hong Kong resident had been executed under Chinese law. Later 32 of Big Spenders "accomplices" Hong Kong residents and 14 from the mainlandwere rounded by Chinese police.
Afterwards one police official said, "All the lone gangsters are out of the scene now. The Big Spender case has had the effect of scaring everyone else.
In , the government passed laws which allowed police to expropriate the legitimate financial assets of Triad members. Even so prosecutors have difficulty nailing Triad members for big crimes partly because of human rights laws in Hong Kong that prevent entrapment.
Often when members are arrested they are convicted of relatively mall crimes and serve short prison sentences. On the mainland, the Triads often buy protection from the police, the Communist party and government officials but face harsher punishments if they can not buy their safety.
See Big Spender. In , the Shanghai People's Court concluded its first big Triad trail since the s, two leaders were sentenced to death but got off with two-year suspension because the crimes they were prosecuted forblackmailing bar girls and karaoke hostesses were relatively minor.
In October , a court in Chongqing sentenced six organized crime member to death on charges of murder assault and extortion.
The crime group was involve in gambling, prostitution and corruption. Many convicted Triad members end up at Macau's Central Prison, situated on a small island one miles off the coast.
It is surrounded by a 20 foot wall and is notorious for its terrible conditions. Violence is common and guards often let the prisoners beat themselves silly and make little effort to intervene.
After a massive anti-crime campaign in , 90 percent of inmates at Central Prison were Triad members. The 14K Triad ran the prison.
Members of Triad were kept together in one area to "keep them away from rival Triads. Two prisoners were killed and several were severely beaten while they were in charge.
Local gangs and triads often demand protection money from film crews to shoot on Hong Kong's streets. Actors who turn down film offers from the triads and directors that have refused to cast triad-supported actors have received death threats and visits from armed gangsters.
There have also been reports of harassment and extortion and even rapes and kidnaps. In , two prominent producers were murdered. One Hong Kong detective told the Los Angeles Times that most gangsters got into the film industry to make a quick buck but some took the film industry seriously.
Charles Heung, a former actor and son on the leader of the powerful Sun Yee On triad, became president of one of Hong Kong's largest entertainment companies.
Heung has been praised in the filmmaking industry as being "one of the good gangsters. The film industry fought back against the triads by calling in police to protect their film sets and arrest people demanding protection money.
The triads have been less active in films since , when the government passed laws which allowed police to expropriate the legitimate financial assets of triad members.Er ist der Berater des Stabschefs der Triade. Mehr zum Thema. Die Sache eskalierte und endete mit Mord. Sbobet Mobile Triaden hatten sich im Immobiliensektor verspekuliert, gleichzeitig drang Konkurrenz aus Hongkong und China in die Kolonie. Triaden sind überall da aktiv, wo es chinesische Gemeinden gibt.